In the CDC’s ACE Study, the ten types of childhood adversity measured were:
- physical, sexual, verbal abuse
- physical and emotional neglect
- a parent who’s an alcoholic (or addicted to other drugs) or diagnosed with a mental illness
- witnessing a mother who experiences abuse
- losing a parent to abandonment or divorce
- a family member in jail
Nearly 35 million U.S. children have experienced one or more types of childhood trauma.